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00000176-d8fc-dce8-adff-faff71c90000Idaho's wildfire season is here, and that means you're going to be hearing a lot of firefighting jargon to describe what's going on.We put together this list of key firefighting terms you're likely to hear in the next few months.GlossaryHotshots: A highly trained hand crew of wildland firefighters that works on the ground to contain a blaze. Crews usually operate in 20-person teams, and are sent in first to deal with the worst fire conditions on short notice. Hotshots have a high level of physical fitness. They can carry up to 50 pounds along with a chainsaw and shovel. There are more than 100 hotshot crews around the country, and the National Interagency Fire Center in Boise coordinates the crews.Hand crew: Wildland firefighters that could have different levels of training. They work on the ground with hand tools like shovels, chainsaws and axes. They dig fire lines (also called "firebreaks") to try and get the fire under control.Smokejumper: An elite firefighter that parachutes into remote wildland fires. They work to suppress and put out fires before they become a bigger problem, and can adapt to quickly changing situations. Smokejumpers have to be fit and highly trained. They carry heavy packs and protective suits and work in mountainous terrain. Idaho has three smokejumping bases in Boise, McCall and Grangeville.Fire lines or firebreaks: Usually about 10-12 feet wide, fire lines are cut with shovels and axes to contain and suppress a blaze. Hand crews -- including hotshots -- will dig lines and clear out brush so the fire will get choked off without fuel.Containment levels: The agency that manages a fire will say how "contained" a fire is. At 100 percent containment a fire isn't out. That means a complete fire line has been dug around the fire. A contained fire can quickly become out of control again with a shift in weather.Controlled fire: This is when a wildfire is considered out. Here's how the BLM office in Idaho Falls describes it: "Think of a container -- say, a mason jar. A fire is contained when it's all 'bottled in,' like in a container. The fire may still be burning, but if a distinct fire line is built around the entire perimeter so that there is no chance for the fire to escape or spot over outside the line, then the fire fighters declare the fire 'contained.' "Human caused: This means someone accidentally or intentionally caused a fire. This could be from a discarded cigarette, a embers from a campfire, or even sparks from a truck along a forested highway. As Smokey says, nine times out of 10, a wildfire is human-caused.Fire danger: This is a rating system from the U.S. Forest Service that helps predict how likely a wildfire could start in an area. It takes into account the weather forecast, terrain and personnel. "Low" means a blaze would likely not spread, while "moderate" means a fire could start but could be contained. "High" to "very high" means fires can catch and spread easily, while "extreme" means the conditions are so difficult and fast-changing that fighting the blaze directly is rare.Red flag warning: These warning are issued by regional National Weather Service offices, and help firefighting management teams understand the weather-related risks for fire starts. Drought and low humidity mixed with windy conditions usually spell a red flag warning. Burning bans sometimes come along with these warnings.Complex: Two or more larger wildfires in the same general area. A complex is managed by a unified team of firefighters.Air attack: Usually used during the initial stages of a small blaze, or as a suppression tool during large fires. Air attacks can drop fire retardant or water to help support hand and engine crews. Multi-engine or heavy air tankers, single-engine air tankers, and helicopters are the three most common types of aircraft that can be used. Multi-engine tankers carry the most retardant, while helicopters (or helitankers) can make more precise but smaller drops.Fire retardant: Also known as slurry, these USDA-approved chemicals are dropped by aircraft over wildfires that management teams believe could grow and become dangerous. It's often used to protect private property. A 2010 ruling from the U.S. District Court in Montana raised questions about its environmental effects.Incident management teams: Operating from level one through five, these teams of firefighters can be sent around the country to suppress fires. Type 1 and 2 IMT's often work on the most difficult and dangerous fires, and can include local firefighting resources.ResourcesWe also pulled together these key resources where you can find up-to-date information about wildfires.The National Interagency Fire Center coordinates fire management teams around the country, and is based in Boise. This year, NIFC predicted a higher level of fire danger in Idaho forests, while the grassland should get a bit of a break.The Bureau of Land Management's site will update Idahoans about fire restrictions on public land.InciWeb updates fire information around the country, giving handy info about road closures during the summer travel season. You'll also find maps, photos, and growth potential for a particular fire.And if you tweet, consider following these organizations and agencies for fire updates in 140 characters.

Wildland Firefighting Resources In Idaho Stretched Thin

U.S. Forest Service/inciweb
Firefighters and equipment at the Woodhead Fire, September 13, 2020.

The Woodhead Fire is the largest of Idaho’s current wildfires. Fire managers told local community members Wednesday night that it’s grown to more than 84,000 acres and is 39% contained.

Regional fire officials credited the initial attack on the fire to local firefighters minimizing potential damage. The fire was one of 25 to spring up in Idaho during the Labor Day wind event, according to Idaho Department of Lands Fire Management Bureau Chief Josh Harvey. Most of those fires were controlled quickly. Windy conditions pushed the Woodhead Fire to more than 26,000 acres in its first two days.

Its perimeter is more than 100 miles long, and one firefighter has been injured, according to fire officials. The fire area includes land owned by the Idaho State Land Endowment. 

Incident commander Tim Roide told community members Wednesday that fire resources are spread extremely thin due to the 30,000 firefighters battling three million acres of wildfires in Washington, Oregon and California. Roide says there are 300 personnel on the Woodhead fire, and 250 ‘operational resources’ — a combined term for crews and equipment he can deploy.

“That’s 400 acres of active fire for each operational resource,” Roide said. “Typically on a normal fire, we would put the number of resources that we have assigned on a 400 acre fire.”

Fire containment is primarily on the west and south sides of the fire, with on-going efforts to prevent the fire from running to the east and impacting the areas of Goodrich and Council.

Officials are concerned about low humidity on Thursday and an approaching cold front, which is expected to bring rain to mountain areas Friday, but could also bring gusty winds across southern Idaho. National Weather Service meteorologist Josh Smith said the storm system is unlikely to bring lightning thanks in part to lingering smoke, and will be on its way by Sunday with temperatures returning to slightly above-normal conditions for this time of year.

Elsewhere, The Badger fire 20 miles southwest of Oakley in south-central Idaho is 28,000 acres and 0% contained. Command of that fire, which began September 12 due to unknown causes, was turned over to regional officials Wednesday. It is growing rapidly due to windy and dry conditions.

The Grouse Fire continues to keep campgrounds and many forest roads closed east of Pine and Featherville. That fire, cause undetermined, remains under 4,000 acres.

The Trap Fire is burning nine miles northwest of Stanley. Fire officials report good opportunity to maintain a perimeter on three sides of the fire but are challenged by wind and terrain. Traffic on highway 21 is allowed between 8 a.m and 8 p.m. with a pilot car escort through a seven-mile stretch near the fire.

Harvey, the Fire Management Bureau Chief for Idaho Department of Lands, said the majority of fires this season have been human caused — though the exact cause of many current fires remains under investigation.

Follow Troy Oppie on Twitter @GoodBadOppie for more local news.

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